Re: [PATCH v11 0/10] iommu/vt-d: Fix intel vt-d faults in kdump kernel

From: Dave Young
Date: Tue May 12 2015 - 05:05:27 EST

On 05/11/15 at 05:52pm, Li, Zhen-Hua wrote:
> This patchset is an update of Bill Sumner's patchset, implements a fix for:
> If a kernel boots with intel_iommu=on on a system that supports intel vt-d,
> when a panic happens, the kdump kernel will boot with these faults:
> dmar: DRHD: handling fault status reg 102
> dmar: DMAR:[DMA Read] Request device [01:00.0] fault addr fff80000
> DMAR:[fault reason 01] Present bit in root entry is clear
> dmar: DRHD: handling fault status reg 2
> dmar: INTR-REMAP: Request device [[61:00.0] fault index 42
> INTR-REMAP:[fault reason 34] Present field in the IRTE entry is clear
> On some system, the interrupt remapping fault will also happen even if the
> intel_iommu is not set to on, because the interrupt remapping will be enabled
> when x2apic is needed by the system.
> The cause of the DMA fault is described in Bill's original version, and the
> INTR-Remap fault is caused by a similar reason. In short, the initialization
> of vt-d drivers causes the in-flight DMA and interrupt requests get wrong
> response.
> To fix this problem, we modifies the behaviors of the intel vt-d in the
> crashdump kernel:
> For DMA Remapping:
> 1. To accept the vt-d hardware in an active state,
> 2. Do not disable and re-enable the translation, keep it enabled.
> 3. Use the old root entry table, do not rewrite the RTA register.
> 4. Malloc and use new context entry table, copy data from the old ones that
> used by the old kernel.
> 5. Keep using the old page tables before driver is loaded.
> 6. After device driver is loaded, when it issues the first dma_map command,
> free the dmar_domain structure for this device, and generate a new one, so
> that the device can be assigned a new and empty page table.
> 7. When a new context entry table is generated, we also save its address to
> the old root entry table.
> For Interrupt Remapping:
> 1. To accept the vt-d hardware in an active state,
> 2. Do not disable and re-enable the interrupt remapping, keep it enabled.
> 3. Use the old interrupt remapping table, do not rewrite the IRTA register.
> 4. When ioapic entry is setup, the interrupt remapping table is changed, and
> the updated data will be stored to the old interrupt remapping table.
> Advantages of this approach:
> 1. All manipulation of the IO-device is done by the Linux device-driver
> for that device.
> 2. This approach behaves in a manner very similar to operation without an
> active iommu.
> 3. Any activity between the IO-device and its RMRR areas is handled by the
> device-driver in the same manner as during a non-kdump boot.
> 4. If an IO-device has no driver in the kdump kernel, it is simply left alone.
> This supports the practice of creating a special kdump kernel without
> drivers for any devices that are not required for taking a crashdump.
> 5. Minimal code-changes among the existing mainline intel vt-d code.
> Summary of changes in this patch set:
> 1. Added some useful function for root entry table in code intel-iommu.c
> 2. Added new members to struct root_entry and struct irte;
> 3. Functions to load old root entry table to iommu->root_entry from the memory
> of old kernel.
> 4. Functions to malloc new context entry table and copy the data from the old
> ones to the malloced new ones.
> 5. Functions to enable support for DMA remapping in kdump kernel.
> 6. Functions to load old irte data from the old kernel to the kdump kernel.
> 7. Some code changes that support other behaviours that have been listed.
> 8. In the new functions, use physical address as "unsigned long" type, not
> pointers.
> Original version by Bill Sumner:
> Zhenhua's updates:
> Changelog[v11]:
> 1. Fix some conflicts with the latest upstream kernel.
> Add flush in iommu_context_addr
> Changelog[v10]:
> 1. Do not use CONFIG_CRASH_DUMP and is_kdump_kernel().
> Use one flag which stores the te and ir status in last kernel:
> iommu->pre_enabled_trans
> iommu->pre_enabled_ir
> Changelog[v9]:
> 1. Add new function iommu_attach_domain_with_id.
> 2. Do not copy old page tables, keep using the old ones.
> 3. Remove functions:
> intel_iommu_did_to_domain_values_entry
> intel_iommu_get_dids_from_old_kernel
> device_to_domain_id
> copy_page_addr
> copy_page_table
> copy_context_entry
> copy_context_entry_table
> 4. Add new function device_to_existing_context_entry.
> Changelog[v8]:
> 1. Add a missing __iommu_flush_cache in function copy_page_table.
> Changelog[v7]:
> 1. Use __iommu_flush_cache to flush the data to hardware.
> Changelog[v6]:
> 1. Use "unsigned long" as type of physical address.
> 2. Use new function unmap_device_dma to unmap the old dma.
> 3. Some small incorrect bits order for aw shift.
> Changelog[v5]:
> 1. Do not disable and re-enable traslation and interrupt remapping.
> 2. Use old root entry table.
> 3. Use old interrupt remapping table.
> 4. New functions to copy data from old kernel, and save to old kernel mem.
> 5. New functions to save updated root entry table and irte table.
> 6. Use intel_unmap to unmap the old dma;
> 7. Allocate new pages while driver is being loaded.
> Changelog[v4]:
> 1. Cut off the patches that move some defines and functions to new files.
> 2. Reduce the numbers of patches to five, make it more easier to read.
> 3. Changed the name of functions, make them consistent with current context
> get/set functions.
> 4. Add change to function __iommu_attach_domain.
> Changelog[v3]:
> 1. Commented-out "#define DEBUG 1" to eliminate debug messages.
> 2. Updated the comments about changes in each version.
> 3. Fixed: one-line added to Copy-Translations patch to initialize the iovad
> struct as recommended by Baoquan He [bhe@xxxxxxxxxx]
> init_iova_domain(&domain->iovad, DMA_32BIT_PFN);
> Changelog[v2]:
> The following series implements a fix for:
> A kdump problem about DMA that has been discussed for a long time. That is,
> when a kernel panics and boots into the kdump kernel, DMA started by the
> panicked kernel is not stopped before the kdump kernel is booted and the
> kdump kernel disables the IOMMU while this DMA continues. This causes the
> IOMMU to stop translating the DMA addresses as IOVAs and begin to treat
> them as physical memory addresses -- which causes the DMA to either:
> (1) generate DMAR errors or
> (2) generate PCI SERR errors or
> (3) transfer data to or from incorrect areas of memory. Often this
> causes the dump to fail.
> Changelog[v1]:
> The original version.
> Changed in this version:
> 1. Do not disable and re-enable traslation and interrupt remapping.
> 2. Use old root entry table.
> 3. Use old interrupt remapping table.
> 4. Use "unsigned long" as physical address.
> 5. Use intel_unmap to unmap the old dma;
> Baoquan He <bhe@xxxxxxxxxx> helps testing this patchset.
> Takao Indoh <indou.takao@xxxxxxxxxxxxxx> gives valuable suggestions.
> Li, Zhen-Hua (10):
> iommu/vt-d: New function to attach domain with id
> iommu/vt-d: Items required for kdump
> iommu/vt-d: Function to get existing context entry
> iommu/vt-d: functions to copy data from old mem
> iommu/vt-d: Add functions to load and save old re
> iommu/vt-d: datatypes and functions used for kdump
> iommu/vt-d: enable kdump support in iommu module
> iommu/vt-d: assign new page table for dma_map
> iommu/vt-d: Copy functions for irte
> iommu/vt-d: Use old irte in kdump kernel
> drivers/iommu/intel-iommu.c | 536 ++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++--
> drivers/iommu/intel_irq_remapping.c | 96 ++++++-
> include/linux/intel-iommu.h | 16 ++
> 3 files changed, 623 insertions(+), 25 deletions(-)
> --
> 2.0.0-rc0


I reviewed the patchset from code struct point of view, see the inline
comments, thanks a lot and appreciated for your work.


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