Re: [PATCH] arch/sh: provide unified syscall trap compatible with all SH models
From: Rich Felker
Date: Tue Aug 25 2015 - 03:22:57 EST
On Tue, Aug 25, 2015 at 09:18:44AM +0200, Geert Uytterhoeven wrote:
> Hi Rich,
> On Tue, Aug 25, 2015 at 5:03 AM, Rich Felker <dalias@xxxxxxxx> wrote:
> > From: Rich Felker <dalias@xxxxxxxx>
> > Historically SH-2 Linux (and originally uClinux) used a syscall
> > calling convention incompatible with the established SH-3/4 Linux ABI.
> > This choice was made because the trap range used by the existing ABI,
> > 0x10-0x17, overlaps with the hardware exception/interrupt trap range
> > reserved by SH-2, and in particular, with the SH-2A divide-by-zero and
> > division-overflow exceptions.
> > Despite the documented syscall convention using the low bits of the
> > trap number to signal the number of arguments the kernel should
> > expect, no version of the kernel has ever used this information, nor
> > is it useful; all of the registers need to be saved anyway. Therefore,
> > it is possible to pick a new trap number, 0x1f, that is both supported
> > by all existing SH-3/4 kernels and unassigned as a hardware trap in
> > the SH-2 range. This makes it possible to produce SH-2 application
> > binaries that are forwards-compatible with running on SH-3/4 kernels
> > and to treat SH as a unified platform with varying ISA support levels
> > rather than multiple gratuitously-incompatible platforms.
> > This patch adjusts the range checking SH-2 and SH-2A kernels make for
> > the syscall trap to accept the range 0x1f-0x2f rather than just
> > 0x20-0x2f. As a result, trap 0x1f now acts as a syscall for all SH
> > models.
> > Signed-off-by: Rich Felker <dalias@xxxxxxxx>
> > --- ../linux-4.2-rc6.orig/arch/sh/kernel/entry-common.S 2015-08-09 19:54:30.000000000 +0000
> > +++ ./arch/sh/kernel/entry-common.S 2015-08-24 03:33:50.062683702 +0000
> > @@ -268,19 +268,20 @@ debug_trap:
> > * Syscall #: R3
> > * Arguments #0 to #3: R4--R7
> > * Arguments #4 to #6: R0, R1, R2
> > - * TRA: (number of arguments + ABI revision) x 4
> > + * TRA>>2: 0x1f, or one of a model-specific set of legacy values:
> > *
> > - * This code also handles delegating other traps to the BIOS/gdb stub
> > - * according to:
> > - *
> > - * Trap number
> > * (TRA>>2) Purpose
> > * -------- -------
> > * 0x00-0x0f original SH-3/4 syscall ABI (not in general use).
> > * 0x10-0x1f general SH-3/4 syscall ABI.
> > - * 0x20-0x2f syscall ABI for SH-2 parts.
> > - * 0x30-0x3f debug traps used by the kernel.
> > - * 0x40-0xff Not supported by all parts, so left unhandled.
> Why did you remoe the two lines of documentation above?
It was an unintended side-effect of restructuring the table to be a
list of legacy values. While the actual functional work of this patch
was done months ago, I just noticed that the comments should be
changed yesterday while preparing the patch for submission. I can
rework them to avoid dropping the useful information.
Thanks for the quick initial review!
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