[PATCH 3.2 13/60] mm: hugetlbfs: skip shared VMAs when unmapping private pages to satisfy a fault

From: Ben Hutchings
Date: Sat Nov 14 2015 - 21:08:22 EST

3.2.73-rc1 review patch. If anyone has any objections, please let me know.


From: Mel Gorman <mgorman@xxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxx>

commit 2f84a8990ebbe235c59716896e017c6b2ca1200f upstream.

SunDong reported the following on


I think I find a linux bug, I have the test cases is constructed. I
can stable recurring problems in fedora22(4.0.4) kernel version,
arch for x86_64. I construct transparent huge page, when the parent
and child process with MAP_SHARE, MAP_PRIVATE way to access the same
huge page area, it has the opportunity to lead to huge page copy on
write failure, and then it will munmap the child corresponding mmap
area, but then the child mmap area with VM_MAYSHARE attributes, child
process munmap this area can trigger VM_BUG_ON in set_vma_resv_flags
functions (vma - > vm_flags & VM_MAYSHARE).

There were a number of problems with the report (e.g. it's hugetlbfs that
triggers this, not transparent huge pages) but it was fundamentally
correct in that a VM_BUG_ON in set_vma_resv_flags() can be triggered that
looks like this

vma ffff8804651fd0d0 start 00007fc474e00000 end 00007fc475e00000
next ffff8804651fd018 prev ffff8804651fd188 mm ffff88046b1b1800
prot 8000000000000027 anon_vma (null) vm_ops ffffffff8182a7a0
pgoff 0 file ffff88106bdb9800 private_data (null)
flags: 0x84400fb(read|write|shared|mayread|maywrite|mayexec|mayshare|dontexpand|hugetlb)
kernel BUG at mm/hugetlb.c:462!
Modules linked in: xt_pkttype xt_LOG xt_limit [..]
CPU: 38 PID: 26839 Comm: map Not tainted 4.0.4-default #1
Hardware name: Dell Inc. PowerEdge R810/0TT6JF, BIOS 2.7.4 04/26/2012

The VM_BUG_ON is correct because private and shared mappings have
different reservation accounting but the warning clearly shows that the
VMA is shared.

When a private COW fails to allocate a new page then only the process
that created the VMA gets the page -- all the children unmap the page.
If the children access that data in the future then they get killed.

The problem is that the same file is mapped shared and private. During
the COW, the allocation fails, the VMAs are traversed to unmap the other
private pages but a shared VMA is found and the bug is triggered. This
patch identifies such VMAs and skips them.

Signed-off-by: Mel Gorman <mgorman@xxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxx>
Reported-by: SunDong <sund_sky@xxxxxxx>
Reviewed-by: Michal Hocko <mhocko@xxxxxxxx>
Cc: Andrea Arcangeli <aarcange@xxxxxxxxxx>
Cc: Hugh Dickins <hughd@xxxxxxxxxx>
Cc: Naoya Horiguchi <n-horiguchi@xxxxxxxxxxxxx>
Cc: David Rientjes <rientjes@xxxxxxxxxx>
Reviewed-by: Naoya Horiguchi <n-horiguchi@xxxxxxxxxxxxx>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@xxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxx>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@xxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxx>
Signed-off-by: Ben Hutchings <ben@xxxxxxxxxxxxxxx>
mm/hugetlb.c | 8 ++++++++
1 file changed, 8 insertions(+)

--- a/mm/hugetlb.c
+++ b/mm/hugetlb.c
@@ -2502,6 +2502,14 @@ static int unmap_ref_private(struct mm_s

+ * Shared VMAs have their own reserves and do not affect
+ * MAP_PRIVATE accounting but it is possible that a shared
+ * VMA is using the same page so check and skip such VMAs.
+ */
+ if (iter_vma->vm_flags & VM_MAYSHARE)
+ continue;
+ /*
* Unmap the page from other VMAs without their own reserves.
* They get marked to be SIGKILLed if they fault in these
* areas. This is because a future no-page fault on this VMA

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