[PATCH v4 1/2] timers: Fix usleep_range() in the context of wake_up_process()

From: Douglas Anderson
Date: Thu Oct 20 2016 - 17:22:37 EST

Users of usleep_range() expect that it will _never_ return in less time
than the minimum passed parameter. However, nothing in any of the code
ensures this. Specifically:

usleep_range() => do_usleep_range() => schedule_hrtimeout_range() =>
schedule_hrtimeout_range_clock() just ends up calling schedule() with an
appropriate timeout set using the hrtimer. If someone else happens to
wake up our task then we'll happily return from usleep_range() early.

msleep() already has code to handle this case since it will loop as long
as there was still time left. usleep_range() had no such loop.

The problem is is easily demonstrated with a small bit of test code:

static int usleep_test_task(void *data)
atomic_t *done = data;
ktime_t start, end;

start = ktime_get();
usleep_range(50000, 100000);
end = ktime_get();
pr_info("Requested 50000 - 100000 us. Actually slept for %llu us\n",
(unsigned long long)ktime_to_us(ktime_sub(end, start)));
atomic_set(done, 1);

return 0;

static void run_usleep_test(void)
struct task_struct *t;
atomic_t done;

atomic_set(&done, 0);

t = kthread_run(usleep_test_task, &done, "usleep_test_task");
while (!atomic_read(&done)) {

If you run the above code without this patch you get things like:
Requested 50000 - 100000 us. Actually slept for 967 us

If you run the above code _with_ this patch, you get:
Requested 50000 - 100000 us. Actually slept for 50001 us

Presumably this problem was not detected before because:
- It's not terribly common to use wake_up_process() directly.
- Other ways for processes to wake up are not typically mixed with
- There aren't lots of places that use usleep_range(), since many people
call either msleep() or udelay().

- An effort was made to look for users relying on the old behavior by
looking for usleep_range() in the same file as wake_up_process().
No problems was found by this search, though it is conceivable that
someone could have put the sleep and wakeup in two different files.
- An effort was made to ask several upstream maintainers if they were
aware of people relying on wake_up_process() to wake up
usleep_range(). No maintainers were aware of that but they were aware
of many people relying on usleep_range() never returning before the

Reported-by: Tao Huang <huangtao@xxxxxxxxxxxxxx>
Signed-off-by: Douglas Anderson <dianders@xxxxxxxxxxxx>
Reviewed-by: Andreas Mohr <andim2@xxxxxxxxxxxx>
Reviewed-by: Brian Norris <briannorris@xxxxxxxxxxxx>
Reviewed-by: Guenter Roeck <linux@xxxxxxxxxxxx>
Changes in v4: None
Changes in v3:
- Add Reviewed-by tags
- Add notes about validation

Changes in v2:
- Fixed stupid bug that snuck in before posting
- Use ktime_before
- Remove delta from the loop

kernel/time/timer.c | 20 ++++++++++++++++++--
1 file changed, 18 insertions(+), 2 deletions(-)

diff --git a/kernel/time/timer.c b/kernel/time/timer.c
index 32bf6f75a8fe..219439efd56a 100644
--- a/kernel/time/timer.c
+++ b/kernel/time/timer.c
@@ -1898,12 +1898,28 @@ EXPORT_SYMBOL(msleep_interruptible);

static void __sched do_usleep_range(unsigned long min, unsigned long max)
+ ktime_t now, end;
ktime_t kmin;
u64 delta;
+ int ret;

- kmin = ktime_set(0, min * NSEC_PER_USEC);
+ now = ktime_get();
+ end = ktime_add_us(now, min);
delta = (u64)(max - min) * NSEC_PER_USEC;
- schedule_hrtimeout_range(&kmin, delta, HRTIMER_MODE_REL);
+ do {
+ kmin = ktime_sub(end, now);
+ ret = schedule_hrtimeout_range(&kmin, delta, HRTIMER_MODE_REL);
+ /*
+ * If schedule_hrtimeout_range() returns 0 then we actually
+ * hit the timeout. If not then we need to re-calculate the
+ * new timeout ourselves.
+ */
+ if (ret == 0)
+ break;
+ now = ktime_get();
+ } while (ktime_before(now, end));