[PATCH] huegtlbfs: fix races and page leaks during migration

From: Mike Kravetz
Date: Tue Feb 12 2019 - 17:15:30 EST

hugetlb pages should only be migrated if they are 'active'. The routines
set/clear_page_huge_active() modify the active state of hugetlb pages.
When a new hugetlb page is allocated at fault time, set_page_huge_active
is called before the page is locked. Therefore, another thread could
race and migrate the page while it is being added to page table by the
fault code. This race is somewhat hard to trigger, but can be seen by
strategically adding udelay to simulate worst case scheduling behavior.
Depending on 'how' the code races, various BUG()s could be triggered.

To address this issue, simply delay the set_page_huge_active call until
after the page is successfully added to the page table.

Hugetlb pages can also be leaked at migration time if the pages are
associated with a file in an explicitly mounted hugetlbfs filesystem.
For example, a test program which hole punches, faults and migrates
pages in such a file (1G in size) will eventually fail because it
can not allocate a page. Reported counts and usage at time of failure:

537 free_hugepages
1024 nr_hugepages
0 surplus_hugepages
1000 free_hugepages
1024 nr_hugepages
0 surplus_hugepages

Filesystem Size Used Avail Use% Mounted on
nodev 4.0G 4.0G 0 100% /var/opt/hugepool

Note that the filesystem shows 4G of pages used, while actual usage is
511 pages (just under 1G). Failed trying to allocate page 512.

If a hugetlb page is associated with an explicitly mounted filesystem,
this information in contained in the page_private field. At migration
time, this information is not preserved. To fix, simply transfer
page_private from old to new page at migration time if necessary.

Cc: <stable@xxxxxxxxxxxxxxx>
Fixes: bcc54222309c ("mm: hugetlb: introduce page_huge_active")
Signed-off-by: Mike Kravetz <mike.kravetz@xxxxxxxxxx>
fs/hugetlbfs/inode.c | 12 ++++++++++++
mm/hugetlb.c | 9 ++++++---
2 files changed, 18 insertions(+), 3 deletions(-)

diff --git a/fs/hugetlbfs/inode.c b/fs/hugetlbfs/inode.c
index 32920a10100e..a7fa037b876b 100644
--- a/fs/hugetlbfs/inode.c
+++ b/fs/hugetlbfs/inode.c
@@ -859,6 +859,18 @@ static int hugetlbfs_migrate_page(struct address_space *mapping,
rc = migrate_huge_page_move_mapping(mapping, newpage, page);
return rc;
+ /*
+ * page_private is subpool pointer in hugetlb pages. Transfer to
+ * new page. PagePrivate is not associated with page_private for
+ * hugetlb pages and can not be set here as only page_huge_active
+ * pages can be migrated.
+ */
+ if (page_private(page)) {
+ set_page_private(newpage, page_private(page));
+ set_page_private(page, 0);
+ }
migrate_page_copy(newpage, page);
diff --git a/mm/hugetlb.c b/mm/hugetlb.c
index a80832487981..f859e319e3eb 100644
--- a/mm/hugetlb.c
+++ b/mm/hugetlb.c
@@ -3625,7 +3625,6 @@ static vm_fault_t hugetlb_cow(struct mm_struct *mm, struct vm_area_struct *vma,
copy_user_huge_page(new_page, old_page, address, vma,
- set_page_huge_active(new_page);

mmun_start = haddr;
mmun_end = mmun_start + huge_page_size(h);
@@ -3647,6 +3646,7 @@ static vm_fault_t hugetlb_cow(struct mm_struct *mm, struct vm_area_struct *vma,
make_huge_pte(vma, new_page, 1));
page_remove_rmap(old_page, true);
hugepage_add_new_anon_rmap(new_page, vma, haddr);
+ set_page_huge_active(new_page);
/* Make the old page be freed below */
new_page = old_page;
@@ -3792,7 +3792,6 @@ static vm_fault_t hugetlb_no_page(struct mm_struct *mm,
clear_huge_page(page, address, pages_per_huge_page(h));
- set_page_huge_active(page);

if (vma->vm_flags & VM_MAYSHARE) {
int err = huge_add_to_page_cache(page, mapping, idx);
@@ -3863,6 +3862,10 @@ static vm_fault_t hugetlb_no_page(struct mm_struct *mm,

+ /* May already be set if not newly allocated page */
+ set_page_huge_active(page);
return ret;
@@ -4097,7 +4100,6 @@ int hugetlb_mcopy_atomic_pte(struct mm_struct *dst_mm,
* the set_pte_at() write.
- set_page_huge_active(page);

mapping = dst_vma->vm_file->f_mapping;
idx = vma_hugecache_offset(h, dst_vma, dst_addr);
@@ -4165,6 +4167,7 @@ int hugetlb_mcopy_atomic_pte(struct mm_struct *dst_mm,
update_mmu_cache(dst_vma, dst_addr, dst_pte);

+ set_page_huge_active(page);
if (vm_shared)
ret = 0;