Re: [PATCH] net/bonding: send arp in interval if no active slave

From: Jarod Wilson
Date: Mon Aug 31 2015 - 18:21:56 EST

On 2015-08-17 4:51 PM, Uwe Koziolek wrote:
On Mon, Aug 17, 2015 at 09:14PM +0200, Jay Vosburgh wrote:
Uwe Koziolek <uwe.koziolek@xxxxxxxxxxx> wrote:

On2015-08-17 07:12 PM,Jarod Wilson wrote:
Uwe, can you perhaps further enlighten us as to what num_grat_arp
settings were tried that didn't help? I'm still of the mind that if
num_grat_arp *didn't* help, we probably need to do something keyed off
The bonding slaves are connected to high available switches, each of the
slaves is connected to a different switch. If the bond is starting, only
the selected slave sends one arp-request. If a matching arp_response was
received, this slave and the bond is going into state up, sending the
gratitious arps...
But if you got no arp reply the next slave was selected.
With most of the newer switches, not overloaded, or with other software
bugs, or with a single switch configuration, you would get a arp
on the first arp request.
But in case of high availability configuration with non perfect switches
like HP ProCurve 54xx, also with some Cisco models, you may not get a
response on the first arp request.

I have seen network snoops, there the switches are not responding to the
first arp request on slave 1, the second arp request was sent on slave 2
but the response was received on slave one, and all following arp
requests are anwsered on the wrong slave for a longer time.
Could you elaborate on the exact "high availability
configuration" here, including the model(s) of switch(es) involved?

Is this some kind of race between the switch or switches
updating the forwarding tables and the bond flip flopping between the
slaves? E.g., source MAC from ARP sent on slave 1 is used to populate
the forwarding table, but (for whatever reason) there is no reply. ARP
on slave 2 is sent (using the same source MAC, unless you set
fail_over_mac), but forwarding tables still send that MAC to slave 1, so
reply is sent there.
High availability:
2 managed switches with routing capabilities have an interconnect.
One slave of a bonding interface is connected to the first switch, the
second slave is connected to the other switch.
The switch models are HP ProCurve 5406 and HP ProCurve 5412. As far as i
remember also HP E 3500 and E 3800 are also
affected, for the affected Cisco models I can't answer today.
Affected single switch configurations was not seen.

Yes, race conditions with delayed upgrades of the forwarding tables is a
well matching explanation for the problem.

The proposed change sents up to 3 arp requests on a down bond using the
same slave, delayed by arp_interval.
Using problematic switches i have seen the the arp response on the right
slave at latest on the second arp request. So the bond is going into

How does it works:
The bonds in up state are handled on the beginning of bond_ab_arp_probe
procedure, the other part of this procedure is handling the slave
The proposed change is bypassing the slave change for 2 additional calls
of bond_ab_arp_probe.
Now the retries are not only for an up bond available, they are also
implemented for a down bond.
Does this delay failover or bringup on switches that are not
"problematic"? I.e., if arp_interval is, say, 1000 (1 second), will
this impact failover / recovery times?

It depends.
failover times are not impacted, this is handled different.
Only the transition from a down bonding interface (bond and all slaves
are down) to the state up can be increased by up to 2 times arp_interval,
If the selected interface did not came up .If well working switches are
used, and everything other is also ok, there are no impacts.

Jay, any further thoughts on this given Uwe's reply? Uwe, did you have a chance to get affected Cisco model numbers too?

Jarod Wilson
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